[[File:|thumb|right|Subway station Nieuwmarkt with historic images of the Newmarket riots ]] Many new suburbs, such as Osdorp , Slotervaart , Slotermeer , and Geuzenveld , were built in the years after the Second World War. [ 28 ] These suburbs contained many public parks and wide, open spaces, and the new buildings provided improved housing conditions with larger and brighter rooms, gardens, and balconies. Because of the war and other incidents of the 20th century, almost the entire city centre had fallen into disrepair. As society was changing, politicians and other influential figures made plans to redesign large parts of it. There was an increasing demand for office buildings and new roads as the automobile became available to most common people. [ 29 ] A metro started operating in 1977 between the new suburb of Bijlmer and the centre of Amsterdam. Further plans were to build a new highway above the metro to connect the Central Station and city centre with other parts of the city.